The Mode of Realization of the Philosophical Concepts in Suhravardi, Muhaqqiq Tusi, Dawani and Mir-Damad’s View

@ Muhammad Farsiyat / PhD Student of Transcendental Philosophy IKI

Murteza Reza’ie / Assistant Professor in Department of Philosophy IKI

Received: 2020/09/13 - Accepted: 2021/02/01


How the philosophical concepts are realized in illumination philosophy is affected by the way they are realized in peripatetic philosophy. In peripatetic philosophy, the dominant view on the way those concepts are realized is the external superabundance of these concepts to the identity of the object of accident. Thus, Suhravardi maintains that superabundance of the philosophical concepts to the identity of the object of accident leads to origination of vicious circle and other rational drawbacks; thus, he negates the external realization of those concepts, and explicitly incorporates them into the logical concepts. After Suhravardi, nearly all of the philosophers before Mulla Sadra were influenced by his view, but most of them, unlike Suhravardi, maintained that although it is impossible for the philosophical concepts to be found in the external world, those concepts, unlike the logical ones, have their origin or the origin of their attributes in the external world.

KEY WORDS: philosophical concepts, essential concepts, object of accident, identity, nature.


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